Slide 1: What is the longest documented cardiac arrest in which a patient returned to their prior neurological baseline? A) 2h 20min. B) 3h 40min. C) 6h 30min. D) 8h 40min.
Slide 2: D> 8h 40min!! The longest documented episodes of cardiac arrest followed by full recovery have occurred in the setting of accidental hypothermia. Resuscitative efforts in hypothermia often result in better outcomes due to the neuroprotective effects of cold temperatures. This had led to the oft-quoted phrase “no one is dead until warm and dead.”
Slide 3: In one extreme example, a 65-year-old female achieved a full recovery after suffering a total of 8 hours and 40 minutes of cardiac arrest due to accidental hypothermia. In this case, early recognition of cardiac arrest, continuous CPR, and prompt initiation of internal rewarming via extracorporeal life support once it was available, likely contributed to her good outcome.
- Paal P, Gordon L, Strapazzon G, et al. Accidental hypothermia-an update : The content of this review is endorsed by the International Commission for Mountain Emergency Medicine (ICAR MEDCOM). Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2016 Sep 15;24(1):111. PMID 27633781
- Meyer M, Pelurson N, Khabiri E, Siegenthaler N, Walpoth BH. Sequela-free long-term survival of a 65-year-old woman after 8 hours and 40 minutes of cardiac arrest from deep accidental hypothermia. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Jan;147(1):e1-2. Epub 2013 Oct 28. PMID 24176273
Tags: cardiac arrest, CPR, critical care, extracorporeal life support, hypothermia, resuscitation